Then he finds out the disfigured recluse living nearby is an ex-teacher. Martin Riggs and Roger Murtaugh pursue a former LAPD officer who uses his knowledge of police procedure and policies to steal and sell confiscated guns and ammunition to local street gangs. After a successful heist, Porter is shot by his wife and his best friend. They leave him there to die but when he recovers, he seeks revenge and wants his share of the money. With personal crises and age weighing in on them, LAPD officers Riggs and Murtaugh must contend with deadly Chinese triads that are trying to free their former leaders out of prison and onto American soil.
Riggs and Murtaugh are on the trail of South African diplomats who are using their immunity to engage in criminal activities.
A farming family battles severe storms, a bank is threatening to repossess their farm, and there are other hard times in a battle to save and hold on to their farm. Air America was the CIA's private airline operating in Laos during the Vietnam War, running anything and everything from soldiers to foodstuffs for local villagers. After losing his pilot's license, Billy Covington is recruited into it, and ends up in the middle of a bunch of lunatic pilots, gun-running by his friend Gene Ryack, and opium smuggling by his own superiors.
I would have hoped they would have kept the tone of the book which was a bit edgier; more like the film version of MASH. This version makes the "non-war" in Laos seem like a Disney World Ride. After you watch the flick track down the book for the REAL story. Start your free trial. A Guide to the Films of Rian Johnson.
Mel Gibson's Action Movies. Mel Gibson. Share this Rating Title: Air America 5. Use the HTML below. You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin. Learn more More Like This. Bird on a Wire Action Comedy. Forever Young Drama Romance Sci-Fi. Tequila Sunrise Crime Drama Romance. Maverick Action Adventure Comedy. Ransom The helicopter, a limited-edition model from the Aircraft Division of Hughes Tool Company, was modified to be stealthy. Just how quiet was the Quiet One?
I couldn't place it until it was one or two hundred yards away. The idea of using hushed helicopters in Southeast Asia came from the CIA's Special Operations Division Air Branch, which wanted them to quietly drop off and pick up agents in enemy territory. The CIA bought and then handed over two of the top-secret helicopters to a firm—by all appearances, civilian—called Air America.
Formed in from assets of previous front companies, Air America was throughout its life beholden to the CIA, the Department of State, and the Pentagon. The Quiet One's single, secret mission, conducted on December 5 and 6, , fell outside Air America's normal operations. The company's public face—what spies might call its "legend"—was that of a plucky charter airline delivering food and supplies to civilians in Laos, and flying occasional combat evacuation missions in Laos and South Vietnam.
While it did substantially more than that, and at considerable peril of its employees died in Laos , Air America crews did not make it a practice to fly deep into North Vietnam.
The mission was intended to fill an information gap that had been galling Henry Kissinger, secretary of state under President Richard Nixon. Negotiations to end the year war had begun in March but stalled in part because South Vietnamese leaders feared that North Vietnam would invade not long after U. A five-month Air Force and Navy bombing campaign called Operation Linebacker had brought the North Vietnamese to the negotiating table in Paris that October, but even that campaign could not force a deal.
Kissinger wanted the CIA to find out whether the North Vietnamese were following the peace terms or just using them as a smokescreen for attack plans. From its intelligence work a year earlier, the CIA knew about a weak point in the North Vietnamese wall of security: a telephone line used by the country's military commanders, located near the industrial city of Vinh.
A patrolled bicycle path ran alongside the string of telephone poles, but at one spot, about 15 miles southwest of Vinh and just east of the Cau River, the phone line went straight up a bluff, over a ridge, and down the other side.
The terrain was too steep for bikes, so the path followed the river, which flowed around the bluff, rejoining the telephone poles on the bluff's far side see hand-drawn map, p. This would be the best place to drop off commandos to place a wiretap. Because the Vinh tap would be sending its intercepts out of North Vietnam, across Laos, and into Thailand, it would need a solar-powered relay station that could catch and transmit the signal, broadcasting from high ground. The station would be within earshot of enemy patrols, so both the tap and relay would have to be dropped in by helicopter—a very quiet one.
The Hughes Tool Aircraft Division had started working on such a helicopter in ; that year an affluent suburb of Los Angeles had bought two piston-powered Hughes helicopters for police patrols. Citizens soon called to complain about the noise of the low-flying patrols, and the city told. Hughes to either make them quieter or take them back. An emerging market for police patrols was at stake. Engineers at Hughes identified one of the worst of the noisemakers: the tail rotor. By doubling the number of blades to four, Hughes was able to cut the speed of the rotor in half, which reduced the helicopter's noise.
Coincidentally, the Advanced Research Projects Agency was hunting for contractors who could cut noise from military helicopters of all sizes. Hughes Tool made a short movie about the modifications, which included a new set of gears to slow the tail rotor, and showed it to ARPA. Test flights began at Culver City, California, in , followed by a brisk training program for the U.
Flights of the Quiet One included low-level work at the secret Air Force base Area 51 in Nevada and touchdowns on peaks in California to familiarize pilots with close-quarters maneuvering and landing in darkness. Pilots needed at least eight hours to get comfortable with steering by sole reference to the comparatively narrow view of the forward-looking infrared FLIR camera, which was mounted just above the skids.
Says Allen Cates, an Air America pilot who flew one in "When you saw a person, it was like looking at a photo negative. Or you'd see just the hood of a car, glowing from heat off the engine block…. And when you were landing, a blade of grass looked as big as a tree. The slapping noise that some helicopters produce, which can be heard two miles away or more, is caused by "blade vortex interaction," in which the tip of each whirling rotor blade makes tiny tornadoes that are then struck by oncoming blades. The Quiet One's modifications included an extra main rotor blade, changes to the tips on the main blades, and engine adjustments that allowed the pilot to slow the main rotor speed, making the blades quieter see "How To Hush a Helicopter," p.
The helicopter also had extra fuel tanks in the rear passenger compartment, an alcohol-water injection system to boost the Allison engine's power output for short periods, an engine exhaust muffler, lead-vinyl pads to deaden skin noise, and even a baffle to block noise slipping out the air intake. The extensive alterations did not blank out all noise, Taylor says.
Rather, they damped the kinds of noise that people associate with a helicopter. You don't hear the lawnmower next door, but a model airplane is easily heard. It has a higher frequency and seems irritating.
Hughes shipped the two Quiet Ones to Taiwan in October Under the CIA's original plans, the Vinh wiretap mission would be flown by pilots from the Taiwanese air force's 34th Squadron. This would offer the United States some deniability, however flimsy, if any of the helicopters were captured. The pilots' U.
Air America's Black Helicopter | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine
The two had joined Air America six months earlier for that purpose. Meanwhile, Air America's fleet in Thailand accepted delivery of two more Hughes models—standard ones—and used them for air taxi operations. The job of these plain-vanilla Loaches was to distract attention from the Quiet Ones before they even landed in Laos. Loaches were common in Vietnam but not in Laos, so Air America needed to start using them in full view of North Vietnamese sympathizers. That way, if an enemy observer later saw the modified Loaches flitting past on a moonlit night, he might not consider the event worthy of comment.
totalcasino.info/includes/useing/1707.php Initial flight training on the Quiet Ones, conducted in Taiwan, was complete by June The two helicopters and their gear traveled on a C transport to an isolated airstrip in Thailand called LS Mechanics pulled them out, swung the rotor blades for flight, and filled the tanks, and the two helicopters flew by night to an even more obscure base, a secret one in southwest Laos known to insiders as PS PS stood for "Pakse Site," a reference to the garrison town of Pakse, 18 miles to the southeast.
PS had been built to house Laotian commandos and the aircraft that flew them around. The book will be available in March through major booksellers and amazon. One characterization of Neil's work stated that "the story pulls the reader directly into the cockpit, onto dirt mountain landing strips, into the raunchy brothels of Laos, alongside his first toddling steps into Buddhism, aboard the plane he flew out of Cambodia hours before it fell to the Khmer Rouge, down the road of self-destruction and beside him as he regains a foothold on the path to integrity.